Women go through many changes during their lifetime. Each change could affect her vision differently. Eye disease among women is becoming more common, more notably in aging women. In fact, studies show that the majority of women aged 40 and above experience some degree of eyesight impairment, and risk developing conditions including but not limited to dry eyes, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy or glaucoma. It's worth noting that the risk of women experiencing vision impairments has grown because of the female population's increasing longevity.
As a woman, an initial step to take to maintain healthy vision is to make a proper eye examination part of your regular health check up. Be sure to go have a comprehensive eye checkup before you turn 40, and that you follow up with the care your eye care professional encourages. Additionally, be aware of your family history, as your genes are an important detail of understanding, diagnosing and stopping eye conditions. Be sure to examine your family's medical history and alert your eye doctor of any conditions present themselves.
In addition, maintain a healthful, varied diet and don't forget to include foods rich in zinc, omega-3 fats and beta carotene, which all help prevent vision loss from eye disease. You can also take vitamin C, riboflavin and vitamin A supplements, which are all strong starting points to keeping up optimal eye care.
If you smoke, make a commitment to quit, because even second-hand smoke can raise the danger of eye disease and is a known factor in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), as well as cataracts. Ultraviolet rays, which can also lead to the development of cataracts and AMD, are very harmful for your eyes. When you go outside, and not just during the summer, be sure to wear 100% UV protective sunglasses and a wide brimmed hat to protect your eyes from harsh rays.
Hormonal changes like what might take place during pregnancy or menopause, can also influence your vision. Often, these shifts can even make the use of contact lenses less effective or uncomfortable. If you're pregnant, you might want to decrease lens wearing time and adjust your eyeglass prescription as needed. It's worthwhile to schedule an appointment with your eye doctor during your pregnancy to talk about any eye or vision changes you may be experiencing.
There are also several precautions to take to shield your eyes from dangers at home, such as domestic cleaners. Be sure that household chemicals, including cleaning agents, paints and fertilizers are stored safely and properly, and are locked away from young children. Scrub your hands well after working with all chemicals and use eye protection if employing the use of toxic chemicals. Use safety goggles when fixing things around the house, most importantly when working with potentially dangerous objects or power tools.
As a woman, it is important to be informed of the risks and choices when it comes to your eye care. And also, it can never hurt to educate the women in your life, such as daughters and friends, about how to protect their eye health.